Mohamed Morsi: the Egyptian opposition charge sheet
Egypt's president insists he was legitimately elected last summer in a democratic poll that was considered by most observers to be free and fair. won 52% of the vote against 48% for Ahmed Shafiq, a former air force commander who was seen as a counter-revolutionary candidate representing the deposed Hosni Mubarak.
Morsi famously promised to rule "for all Egyptians". But opponents complain that he has not governed democratically or effectively and has been autocratic and incompetent. Issues on which he has faced criticism include:
Brotherhood influence over the media has grown. "Egyptians have ended their love affair with political Islam," says the political analyst Dina Hamdy. There has been an increase in violence against Christians and sectarian incitement linked to the Syria crisis, which includes the murder of four Shias.
Morsi is seen as too keen to avoid upsetting hardline Salafist fundamentalists. Critics dislike the MB's close relations with the Palestinian Islamists of Hamas, who control the Gaza Strip.
Investors and tourists are staying away. Foreign currency reserves have fallen by more than half since Mubarak was ousted. The government's weakness prevents it from taking decisive action, which allows the situation to get worse. That in turn causes more discontent.
The government has spent months negotiating a $4.8bn loan on relatively easy terms from the IMF. But if agreement is reached it will mean slashing subsidies for energy, oil, rice and bread – a politically damaging step that is likely to further enrage the public. Inflation is shortly expected to hit double digits. News of the military's ultimatum to Morsi on Monday caused a surge in share prices on the Cairo stock exchange.
The 22 November bombshell
That was a month before a referendum on a new constitution that leaned towards Islamist and conservative positions. Opponents called it a naked power-grab. Supporters argued that it was necessary to resist a conspiracy against newly established institutions.
The way the constitution was written was seen as a glaring example of unilateral and divisive action. Morsi is generally criticised for failing to build consensus, though allies blame this on an shambolic and fragmented opposition that has been unwilling to co-operate and is demanding his departure.
There is also anger at the way he tends to paint opponents as felool, or old-regime remnants. "The Muslim Brotherhood insisted on a winner-takes-all approach and failed to give the opposition credible and meaningful concessions," Khaled Fahmy of Cairo University, cataloguing some of what he calls Morsi's seven deadly sins.
Justice and human rights
The effect has been to embolden the police to continue Mubarak-era practices such as torture and murder in police stations. No serious action has been taken to try officers accused of torture. Not a single officer accused of killing more than 800 demonstrators in 2011 has been convicted. Watchdogs say human rights have deteriorated alarmingly.
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